. United Kinngdom History

UK history begins from the Neolithic, Bronze & Iron Ages. Until 6500 BC, Britain even existed. It was around 750 BC that iron was introduced into Britain which led to the production of tools and weapons. In 43 AD the Roman army crossed the Channel and overcame all kinds of opposition. The Romans formed the city of Londinium (London) and built military roads all through the country. Within the time span of ten years, Roman rule had reached the territories of England and Wales. Until the 5th century the guise of Romans continued in Britain. In 1066 Duke William of Normandy invaded Britain and defeated King Harold of England. William of Normandy ruled England and Scotland and changed the class system and the official language to French. In the year 1216, Henry III was crowned as a king. The infamous bubonic plague or Black Death spread all across England, Wales and Scotland in 1348. This led to the death a third of the population by the end of 1350. This not only affected the economics stand of the country. In the year 1485, Henry Tudor occupied England and overpowered Richard III took over the sovereignty. He married Elizabeth of York - daughter of Edward IV. When the virgin Queen Elizabeth died in 1603, she left no successor and James VI, King of Scots (son of Mary, Queen of Scots), succeeded as James I, King of England, and became the first King of Great Britain. During 1714 - 1836, with the demise of Queen Anne, George I became king and Sir Robert Walpole became the prime minister of the nation. In the year 1837, the Victoria became Queen of the monarch. In the history of UK you will see that she brought into force a number of constitutional changes and these changes led to the issuing of the people's charter, which laid out six demands counting universal human rights and yearly parliamentary elections. Today five out of the six demands are a constituent of the British constitution. Development of science and technology gathered pace during twentieth century. Some of the well known achievements by the nation were Among the revolutionary achievements of this period were: the discovery of the television by the EMI-Marconi Corporation; set up of British Broadcasting Company (BBC), the invention of penicillin by Alexander Fleming and findings about the structure of the atom, which further led to the development of nuclear weapons and energy. In the year1945, the Labor Party won their first general election and formed the National Health Service. Post World War II, United Kingdom faces many economic crises, but against all odds today it is one of the world's leading trade and commercial centers.

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